A new ransomware dubbed Nefilim appeared in the threat landscape at the end of February, it borrows its code from other malware, the Nemty ransomware.
The main difference between the two threats is that Nefilim doesn’t include the Ransomware-as-a-Service (RaaS) component and doesn’t use Tor for the payment process.
The operators behind the Nefilim following a scaring trend have started threatening their victims to release stolen data.
At the time of writing it is still unclear which is the attack vector exploited by Nefilim operators, experts believe the malware was mainly deployed via RDP.
Experts speculate the malware could be a fork of the ransomware from the original operators or another cybercrime gang had access to the source code of the Nemty ransomware and has developed its own version.
Nefilim will encrypt a file using AES-128 encryption, then the AES encryption key is encrypted using an RSA-2048 public key that is embedded in the ransomware executable.
The encrypted AES key will be included in the contents of each encrypted file.
Once the encryption process is completed, the malware drops a ransom note named NEFILIM-DECRYPT
The ransom note contains emails to contacts for the payment, it also includes the threat of leaking files if the ransom is not paid within seven days.
Additional technical details are included in the report published by BleepingComputer.