Security experts at Check Point have disclosed technical details of a critical vulnerability in the popular file compression software WinRAR.
Experts at Check Point discovered the logical bug in WinRAR by using the WinAFL fuzzer and found a way to exploit it to gain full control over a target computer
Over 500 million users worldwide use the popular software and are potentially affected by the flaw that affects all versions of released in the last 19 years.
The flaw is an “Absolute Path Traversal” issue in the library that could be exploited to execute arbitrary code by using a specially-crafted file archive.
The issue affects a third-party library, called UNACEV2.DLL that is used by WINRAR.
The flaw resides in the way an old third-party library, called UNACEV2.DLL, handles the extraction of files compressed in ACE data format. The experts pointed out that WinRAR determines the file format by analyzing its content and not the extension, this means that an attacker can change the .ace extension to .rar extension to trick the victims.
The experts discovered that an attacker leveraging the path traversal vulnerability could extract compressed files to a folder of their choice rather than the folder chosen by the user. Dropping a malicious code into Windows Startup folder it would automatically run on the next reboot.
“We have found a vector which allows us to extract a file to the Startup folder without caring about the <user name>.
By using the following filename field in the ACE archive:
Because the CleanPath function removes the “C:\C:” sequence.reads the analysis published by CheckPoint.
“Moreover, this destination folder will be ignored because the GetDevicePathLen function will return 2 for the last “C:” sequence.”
The following video PoC shows how to gain full control over a targeted system by tricking the victims into opening maliciously crafted compressed archive file using WinRAR.
The worst aspect of the story is that WinRAR development team had lost the source code of the UNACEV2.dll library in 2005. The way to approach the problem is drastic, the team stop using the UNACEV2.dll and released WINRar version 5.70 beta 1 that doesn’t support the ACE format.
Don’t waste your time, install this new version of the software and do not open compressed archives with WINRAR that were received from unknown sources.
Pierluigi Paganini is member of the ENISA (European Union Agency for Network and Information Security) Threat Landscape Stakeholder Group and Cyber G7 Group, he is also a Security Evangelist, Security Analyst and Freelance Writer.
Editor-in-Chief at "Cyber Defense Magazine", Pierluigi is a cyber security expert with over 20 years experience in the field, he is Certified Ethical Hacker at EC Council in London. The passion for writing and a strong belief that security is founded on sharing and awareness led Pierluigi to find the security blog "Security Affairs" recently named a Top National Security Resource for US.
Pierluigi is a member of the "The Hacker News" team and he is a writer for some major publications in the field such as Cyber War Zone, ICTTF, Infosec Island, Infosec Institute, The Hacker News Magazine and for many other Security magazines.
Author of the Books "The Deep Dark Web" and “Digital Virtual Currency and Bitcoin”.