An authenticated attacker could execute arbitrary commands as the root user on the underlying system via the SAML server configuration page. Experts pointed out that the flaw could be chained with an authentication bypass flaw that could allow an attacker
The vulnerability impacts Fortinet FortiWeb versions 6.3.11 and earlier, an authenticated attacker could exploit the issue to take complete control of servers running vulnerable versions of the FortiWeb WAF.
An authenticated attacker could execute arbitrary commands as the root user on the underlying system via the SAML server configuration page. Experts pointed out that the flaw could be chained with an authentication bypass flaw (i.e. CVE-2020-29015) to allow an unauthenticated attacker to trigger the vulnerability.
The vulnerability was reported by the researcher William Vu from Rapid7.
“An attacker, who is first authenticated to the management interface of the FortiWeb device, can smuggle commands using backticks in the “Name” field of the SAML Server configuration page. These commands are then executed as the root user of the underlying operating system.” reads the post published by Rapid7. “An attacker can leverage this vulnerability to take complete control of the affected device, with the highest possible privileges. “
The flaw could allow an attacker to deploy a persistent shell, install crypto mining software, or other malware families. If the management interface is exposed to the internet, an attacker could trigger the issue to reach into the affected network beyond the DMZ. Rapid7 researchers discovered less than three hundred devices exposing their management interfaces online. Let’s remind that management interfaces for devices like FortiWeb should not be exposed online!
Waiting for a patch that will address the flaw, users are recommended to disable the FortiWeb device’s management interface from untrusted networks.
Such kinds of devices should only be reachable only via trusted, internal networks or a secure VPN connection.
Below is the disclosure timeline for this issue:
(SecurityAffairs – hacking, Fortinet)