The flaw affects all versions of Apache Tomcat, it could be exploited by attackers to read configuration files or install
The vulnerability affects the Tomcat AJP protocol and was discovered by the Chinese
During the weekend, Bad Packets researchers reported an ongoing mass scanning for this flaw.
“Ghostcat is a serious vulnerability in Tomcat discovered by security researcher of Chaitin Tech. Due to a flaw in the Tomcat AJP protocol, an attacker can read or include any files in the webapp directories of Tomcat.” states the website set up to describe the issue. “For example, An attacker can read the webapp configuration files or source code. In addition, if the target web application has a file upload function, the attacker may execute malicious code on the target host by exploiting file inclusion through Ghostcat vulnerability.”
Tomcat Connector allows Tomcat to connect to the outside, it enables Catalina to receive requests from the outside, pass them to the corresponding web application for processing, and return the response result of the request.
By default, Tomcat used two Connectors, the HTTP Connector and the AJP Connector, the latter listens on the server’s port 8009.
The Ghostcat vulnerability in the AJP that can be exploited to either read or write files to a Tomcat server, an attacker could trigger the flaw to access configuration files and steal passwords or API tokens. It can also allow attackers to write files to a server, including malware or web shells.
Tomcat versions affected by the Ghostcat vulnerability are:
Researchers at Chaitin Tech also released a tool that could be exploited to find Tomcat servers vulnerable to the Ghostcat flaw.
Querying Shodan for Tomcat servers exposed online, we can find over 900,000 installs, but only above versions are vulnerable.