A security researcher has found a serious vulnerability in a building automation product from Sauter AG that could be exploited to steal files from an affected system.
Sauter AG CASE Suit is a building automation product used worldwide that is affected by a high severity XML external entity (XXE) vulnerability that could be exploited to steal files from an affected system.
According to the ICS-CERT the software widely used in the critical manufacturing sector.
The flaw is tracked as CVE-2018-17912, it was discovered by Gjoko Krstic from industrial cybersecurity firm Applied Risk, the issue affects the CASE Suite versions 3.10 and prior and impacts the CASE Components, CASE Sensors, and CASE VAV applications.
“An XXE vulnerability exists when processing parameter entities, which may allow remote file disclosure.” reads the security advisory published by the ICS-CERT.
“Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to remotely retrieve unauthorized files from the system.”
The security vulnerability has been assigned CVSS scores of 7.5 (ICS-CERT), an attacker can exploit it to steal any file from the vulnerable system, including personal information, account credentials, and configuration data.
According to the advisory published by Applied Risk, there are no known public exploits
targeting this flaw.
“An unauthenticated user can craft a malicious XML data file that will enable them to read arbitrary files within the context of an affected system allowing disclosure of valuable information via out of band channels” reads the security advisory published by Applied Risk.
Krstic pointed out that the vulnerability can also be exploited to trigger a denial-of-service (DoS) condition.
The vulnerability could be triggered using a specially crafted malicious XML data file that will enable them to read arbitrary files within the context of an affected system.
“The application suffers from an XML External Entity (XXE) vulnerability using the DTD parameter entities technique resulting in disclosure and retrieval of arbitrary data on the affected node via out-of-band (OOB) attack,” continues Applied Risk.
“The vulnerability is triggered when input passed to the XML parser is not sanitized while parsing the XML data file.”
The malicious file can be sent to the victims via email or the attacker that already has access to the system can place the malicious XML file on the system anywhere and it will be automatically loaded when the user browses to that path via the Sauter software.
The good news is that Sauter released a security patch only ten days after the ICS-CERT notified it to the company.
Pierluigi Paganini is member of the ENISA (European Union Agency for Network and Information Security) Threat Landscape Stakeholder Group and Cyber G7 Group, he is also a Security Evangelist, Security Analyst and Freelance Writer.
Editor-in-Chief at "Cyber Defense Magazine", Pierluigi is a cyber security expert with over 20 years experience in the field, he is Certified Ethical Hacker at EC Council in London. The passion for writing and a strong belief that security is founded on sharing and awareness led Pierluigi to find the security blog "Security Affairs" recently named a Top National Security Resource for US.
Pierluigi is a member of the "The Hacker News" team and he is a writer for some major publications in the field such as Cyber War Zone, ICTTF, Infosec Island, Infosec Institute, The Hacker News Magazine and for many other Security magazines.
Author of the Books "The Deep Dark Web" and “Digital Virtual Currency and Bitcoin”.