Three members of the notorious cybercrime gang known as FIN7 and Carbanak have been indicted and charged with 26 felony counts of conspiracy, wire fraud, computer hacking, access device fraud and aggravated identity theft.
The gang stole over a billion euros from banks across the world, the name “Carbanak” comes with the name of the malware they used to compromise computers at banks and other financial institutions. The three suspects (Dmytro Fedorov, 44, Fedir Hladyr, 33, and Andrii Kopakov, 30) are Ukrainians, they were arrested last year in Europe between January and June.
Fedorov, is a skilled hacker and, who is suspected to be a manager of the group, was arrested at the request of U.S. officials in Bielsko-Biala, Poland, in January and is currently waiting for his extradition to the United States.
In January 2018 foreign authorities also arrested Fedir Hladyr in Dresden, Germany, he is currently detained in Seattle pending trial. Hladyr is suspected to be a system administrator for the group.
In late June 2018, foreign authorities arrested Andrii Kolpakov in Lepe, Spain. The man is suspected to be a supervisor of the group. He is currently detained in Spain pending the United States’ request for extradition.
“Three high-ranking members of a sophisticated international cybercrime group operating out of Eastern Europe have been arrested and are currently in custody facing charges filed in U.S. District Court in Seattle, announced Assistant Attorney General Brian A.” reads the press release published by the DoJ.
“In the United States alone, FIN7 successfully breached the computer networks of companies in 47 states and the District of Columbia, stealing more than 15 million customer card records from over 6,500 individual point-of-sale terminals at more than 3,600 separate business locations. “
The trio has been accused of targeting hundreds of companies in the United States, and U.S. individuals. The list of victims is long and includes Chipotle Mexican Grill, Jason’s Deli, Sonic Drive-in, and Arby’s.
According to the European authorities, FIN7 developed sophisticated banking trojan tracked as Cobalt, based on the Cobalt Strike penetration testing tool, that was spread through spear-phishing campaigns aimed at employees at different banks.
Once infected the victims’ PC with Carbanak malware, the hackers attempted to identify key people authorized to transfer money from the banks in order to make transactions to fake accounts or ATMs under the control of the gang.
The three men could face many years in prison if convicted.