The US-CERT urges organizations of updating their software and avoiding use unsupported applications and OSs.
The US-CERT confirmed it has received multiple reports of Petya ransomware infections related the recent massive attack. The ransomware leverages the ETERNALBLUE Exploit M2 MS17-010 to exploit vulnerabilities in Server Message Block (SMB) and makes devices unusable.
“The NCCIC Code Analysis Team produced a Malware Initial Findings Report (MIFR) to provide in-depth technical analysis of the malware. In coordination with public and private sector partners, NCCIC is also providing additional IOCs in comma-separated-value form for information sharing purposes.
The scope of this Alert’s analysis is limited to the newest “Petya” variant that surfaced June 27, 2017, and this malware is referred to as “Petya” throughout this Alert.” states the alert.
“Based on initial reporting, this Petya campaign involves multiple methods of initial infection and propagation, including exploiting vulnerabilities in Server Message Block (SMB). “
The flaws exist in how the SMBv1 server handles certain requests, a remote attacker could execute code by sending specially crafted messages to [an SMBv1] server.
Experts at US-CERT that analyzed a sample of the last Petya ransomware discovered that this variant encrypts the victim’s files with a dynamically generated, 128-bit key and creates a unique ID of the victim. The experts haven’t found any link between the encryption key generation and the victim’s ID.
“However, there is no evidence of a relationship between the encryption key and the victim’s ID, which means it may not be possible for the attacker to decrypt the victim’s files even if the ransom is paid.” states the alerts.
“This Petya variant spreads using the SMB exploit as described in MS17-010 and by stealing the user’s Windows credentials. This variant of Petya is notable for installing a modified version of the Mimikatz tool, which can be used to obtain the user’s credentials. The stolen credentials can be used to access other systems on the network.”
The sample analyzed by the US-CERT will also attempt to identify other hosts on the network by checking the compromised system’s IP physical address mapping table.
The Petya variant writes a text file on the “C:\” drive containing the Bitcoin wallet address and the RSA keys for the ransom payment. The malicious code modifies the master boot record (MBR) to enable encryption of the master file table (MFT) and the original MBR, then it reboots the system to replace the MBR.
“Based on the encryption methods used, it appears unlikely that the files can be restored even if the attacker received the victim’s unique ID.”
The US-CERT suggests organizations following its best practices related to SMB, such as:
“US-CERT cautions users and administrators that disabling or blocking SMB may create problems by obstructing access to shared files, data, or devices,” the agency states. “The benefits of mitigation should be weighed against potential disruptions to users.”
Below the complete list of recommended steps for prevention that was included in the alert:
(Security Affairs – Petya, US-CERT)