This year I’m among the experts who worked on the MEF – Annual Report on Payment Card Frauds No. 5/2015, it has been an honor and a pleasure to be able to contribute to a so interesting document full of detailed data on the phenomena of payment card frauds. The document focus on payment card frauds (unrecognized transactions) issued in Italy and used everywhere.
Transactions not recognized
In 2014, with reference to cards issued in Italy, the number of the unrecognized transactions (fraud) has increased in absolute terms (0.0118% to 0.0131%), meanwhile their value has decreased respect the overall amount of value of payments (from 0.0195% to 0.0189%). In 2014 total payments genuine, both in value and in number, increased by 4% and 6%
The value of fraud increased by 5%, while the number rose by 20%, with a reduction in the average value of individual transactions (from 177 € to 151 €). Since this is a trend already seen in 2013, it is possible to envisage a new criminal modus operandi that prefers fragmentation and multiplication of transactions to circumvent the thresholds of attention of both issuers and institutions of the users.
The analysis of the series 2009-2014 describes a phenomenon under control, but, looking at the last two years, it is possible to notice a significant growth in the number of fraudulent transactions and an increasing role of the Internet as an emerging context of the implementation of fraud.
In terms of payment channels exploited for fraudulent activities the Internet is characterized by a growing trend, meanwhile POS and ATM withdrawals are decreasing. However, we are witnessing a decrease in the average value of the individual transactions on all channels.
Internet, a privileged Channel
Internet frauds increased for the fifth consecutive year (+ 11% in the incidence value and + 30% as the fraud value). Since 2011 the number of unrecognized transactions grew by more than 3 times and now accounts for over half the total number of fraudulent transactions. The phenomenon occurs especially abroad. In the following graph are reported Internet frauds Italy/Abroad.
In 2014, the increase in terms of number of unrecognized transactions on the Internet channel is greater than 60%.
PoS frauds have decreased respect the previous year in both value and number.
Also for 2014, as in all previous years, we have observed a trend towards a reduction of the phenomenon of fraud on ATM withdrawals.
While in Italy is higher than the value of the defrauded, cheated on the card Italian expenses abroad detects a higher percentage of the number of fraudulent transactions (60%), of which the majority in the United States.
The report is full of interesting data related to the credit card fraud, but this year it also includes a novelty respect previous version, a detailed analysis of credit card fraud activities in the dark web.
The experts monitored the principal black markets during the entire 2014 monitoring the evolution of the offer for product and services related payment cards.
The Following Infographics include the principal data emerged from the analysis of the experts, anyway, let me suggest to carefully read the report that includes detailed info related payment card frauds.
Pierluigi Paganini is member of the ENISA (European Union Agency for Network and Information Security) Threat Landscape Stakeholder Group and Cyber G7 Group, he is also a Security Evangelist, Security Analyst and Freelance Writer.
Editor-in-Chief at "Cyber Defense Magazine", Pierluigi is a cyber security expert with over 20 years experience in the field, he is Certified Ethical Hacker at EC Council in London. The passion for writing and a strong belief that security is founded on sharing and awareness led Pierluigi to find the security blog "Security Affairs" recently named a Top National Security Resource for US.
Pierluigi is a member of the "The Hacker News" team and he is a writer for some major publications in the field such as Cyber War Zone, ICTTF, Infosec Island, Infosec Institute, The Hacker News Magazine and for many other Security magazines.
Author of the Books "The Deep Dark Web" and “Digital Virtual Currency and Bitcoin”.