Cyberspace is abuzz with activity. Governments are secretly conducting cyber operations. Everyday, we read about malicous code used to steal information; or about cyber attacks that target critical infrastructure. The principal question raised by these fervent activities are rules of engagement and proportionality of defense – the operative limit of country that discovers an attack against its network. Can we envisage an automated decision making process in defence?
Recently many cases have highlighted intense cyber espionage activity against US Government and private industries with intent to steal information. The principal suspect is China, due to characteristic techniques adopted by hackers. Obviously this is just tip of iceberg.
The Obama administration has discovered that the President has power to order preemptive cyberattack to discourage those who violate the US network, especially China, which is unresponsive to US efforts to mitigate attacks.
“New policies will also govern how the intelligence agencies can carry out searches of faraway computer networks for signs of potential attacks on the United States and, if the president approves, attack adversaries by injecting them with destructive code — even if there is no declared war.”
The alert level has increased after the recent attacks on media agencies. Security experts are convinced that they are state-sponsored operations due the means and methods adopted.
The discussion on a possible preemptive attacks is in my opinion a provocation; it’s clear that that both US and China are pursuing their cyber strategies and are respectively conscious of the cyber capabilities of their adversaries; the declarations are a public admission of failure of diplomatic efforts.
US could increase pressure on China requiring for example major purchases of Chinese goods to go through national security reviews, according to the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), but that is very different from the organization of a cyber attacks for demonstrative purpose.
Is Obama’s administration really willing to give up so prolific commercial relationship?
“Adam Segal wrote in a blog post that China has responded by saying through the People’s Daily that the administration’s position could trigger a worldwide arms race.”
The U.S. threat of a pre-emptive strike could increase risk overall, and preemptive attack could be addressed against the wrong targets due the difficulty in locating the origin of attack
We must also consider that governments will continue to operate secretly in cyber space also on the offensive front and that statements of a pre-emptive attack are only a warning to the world about cyber capabilities of the country.
Cyber weaponry is the most complex arms race under way. Declaration of preemptive cyberattack are useless.
A cyber war is much more subtle and dangerous than preemptive cyber attack!